1. —They have been to Australia.
—So _____ I.
A.do B.have been C.did D.have
2. The population of Shanghai is larger than _____ of Shenyang.
A.that B.it C.one D.this
3. —_____ the population of the U.S.A. in 2005?
—It _____ about 296 million.
A. What is; is B.What was; was
C. How many is; was D. How many was; is
4. _____ of the teachers are women in our school.
A. Two third B.Two threes C.Two thirds D.Second three
5. He’s read this book before, _____?
A.hasn’t he B.doesn’t he C.isn’t he D.wasn’t he
6.The _____ population may be the greatest challenge of the world today.
A.increase B.increased C.increasing D.increases
7. The little girl has _____ finished reading the book you lent her.
A.already B.yet C.still D.once
8. —What has happened in your hometown?
—Great changes _____ in my hometown recently.
A.have been taken place B.have taken place
C.have been happened D.was happened
9. Students today have a lot of pressure _____ they have to learn too much knowledge at school.
A.in order to B.unless C. because D.because of
10. —I have never visited a paper factory.
A.So have I. B.So I have. C.Neither have I. D.I haven’t now.
11. You’d better ______ some money for special use.
A. pick up B. give away
C. put off D. set aside
12. In order to ________ with the advanced countries, we must keep learning.
A. get along B. put up
C. catch up D. go on
13. In the following group of words, there is one underlined part with a different sound. You are required to pick it out.
A. satisfaction B. vocation C. question D. addition
14. In the following group of words, there is one underlined part with a different sound. You are required to pick it out.
A. supply B. simply C. only D. calmly
15. It is widely believed that it is ________ respects others that will be respected.
A. anyone B. the person C. whoever D. who
16 . —Could you do me a favor?
—It depends on _______ it is.
A. which B. whichever C. what D. whatever
17. There are two _______ in the garden.
A. orange tree B. oranges trees C. orange trees D. oranges tree
18. I paid $10 for ________ this morning.
A. 4 bottle milks B. 4 bottles of milk
C. 4 bottle of milks D. milk
19. Jim was late for two classes this morning. He said that he forgot both of the _______.
A. rooms number B. room number
C. room’s number D. room numbers
20. That’s her ______ mother.
A. cousin’s Tommy’s B. cousin Tommy’s
C. cousin Tommy D. cousin’s Tommy
As with spoken language, written language is always used for a purpose. People read a text __21__ they think that it will enable them to find answers to the questions that they are interested in answering. People write to express an __22__ or to give information to particular readers. There are, of course, many different purposes for reading and writing and different purposes will __23__ different reading and writing styles.
In general, written language is structurally more “correct” than spoken language. It has clear word and sentence__24__ and its information is more densely packed. More is said in __25__ words. However, written language also contains both structural and contextual redundancy and this can help readers to __26__ the text.
Written language is often structurally more __27__ than spoken language. This is because when people write they have __28__ to think about what they want to write and are able to__29__ to what they have written and revise it as often as they wish. This greater structural complexity is one factor that may make text _30__ to understand. When people read in their first language, they do not usually read every word in the text. Readers __31__ their eyes across and down the text stopping at groups of words to check for the meaning. The speed with which people read _32__ their purpose for reading and on how __33__ a range of possible meaning their brain has to choose from every fixation. __34__ readers use the structural and contextual redundancy of the language. Their __35__ of what they have already read and the general knowledge they already have to __36 __what will come next and so __37__ the number of possible choices that the brain has to consider at any fixation. Both writers, when choosing how to express their__38__ meaning for the audience that they have in mind, __39__ readers, when interpreting writer’s meaning rely not only on their linguistic knowledge, but __40__ their general knowledge of the context in which they are reading and writing. Such knowledge, whether specifically linguistic or contextual, is stored in the long-time memory.
21. A. why B. because C. after D. before
22. A. apology B. invitation C. enthusiasm D. intention
23. A. require B. classify C. design D. desert
24. A. groups B. impression C. boundaries D. separation
25. A. sweet B. easier C. sensitive D. fewer
26. A. interpret B. rewrite C. construct D. instruct
27. A. shallow B. complex C. troublesome D. negative
28. A. stereotype B. mercy C. time D. concept
29. A. deliver B. return C. decline D. expose
30. A. difficult B. interested C. direct D. natural
31. A. raise B. bend C. move D. struggle
32. A. applies to B. results in C. sets off D. depends on
33. A. wide B. dominant C. potential D. fantastic
34. A. Considerate B. Efficient C. Sympathetic D. Desirable
35. A. inspiration B. anxiety C. confusion D. understanding
36. A. prevent B. search C. predict D. regularize
37. A. come across B. take away C. narrow down D. give up
38. A. similar B. grateful C. satisfactory D. intended
39. A. and B. or C. but D. so
40. A. for B. on C. in D. with
Lamu was a 12-year-old Tibetan girl. She wanted to go to Beijing to watch the 2008 Olympics. Only one month ago, Lamu still thought it would be difficult.
In the past Tibet had no railroad. If Lamu took a bus, it would take her a long time to reach Beijing. And a plane ticket would cost lots of money.
However, things changed for Lamu. She was able to buy a ticket to the world’s highest railroad. The Qinghai-Tibet Railway had been completed! The 1,142-kilometer railroad runs on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. Lamu could reach Beijing by train in 48 hours!
About 550 kilometers of the railroad are constructed on the frozen earth. When the frozen earth warms in summer, it can move the track. But Chinese scientists have built a special structure to solve the problem. The Qinghai-Tibet Railway has been designed with the wild animals in the designers’ minds. It also has special underpasses for animals like Tibetan antelopes to go through.
“The new railroad greatly helps Tibet’s tourism,”said Liu Yueqin, an expert at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences .
As more tourists take trains to Tibet, there are more money for Tibetans. With the money, more kids can go to school.
The railroad also makes things less expensive in Tibet. Now one can buy a TV set for about 1,500 yuan. It used to be much higher than that price. When there was no railroad, it had been difficult to send things in and out of Tibet. With the new railroad, shopping can be more convenient and faster.
41.The special underpasses are _____ to go through.
A.only for Tibet’s antelopes B.for Tibet’s tourism
C.for animals D.for Tibetans
42.Which of the following about the Qinghai-Tibet Railway is TRUE?
A.It is not the highest railroad in the world.
B.It’s the longest railroad in the world.
C.Scientists have no way to solve the problem of the frozen earth.
D.Wild animals have special underpasses to go through.
43.After the new railroad was completed _____.
A.everyone could buy a cheaper TV set
B.Tibetans can do business in and out of Tibet and develop their tourism
C.more and more people could fly to Tibet as soon as possible
D.more and more animals would be killed by people
44.Before the railroad was finished, _____.
A.all Tibetan children could go to school
B.the transportation in Tibet was convenient and fast, too
C.it was hard for Tibetans to buy and sell things in and out of Tibet
D.the Tibetans had never walked out of Tibet
45.The best title of the passage is “_____”.
A.Something about a 12-year-old Tibetan Girl
B.Reaching Beijing from Tibet by Train in Forty-eight Hours
C.High-tech Brings the Tibetans Happiness
D.The Railway Puts Tibet Closer
Everyone becomes a little more forgetful as they gel older，but men’s minds decline more than women’S，according to the results of a worldwide survey.
Certain differences seem to be inherent in male and female brains：Men are better at maintai-ng and dealing with mental images(useful in mathematical reasoning and spatial skills)，while omen tend to excel(擅长)at recalling information from their brain’s files(helpful with language ills and remembering the locations of objects).
Many studies have looked for a connection between sex and the amount of mental decline(衰退)people experience as they age，but the results have been mixed.
Some studies found more age-related decline in men than in women，while others saw the oppo-site or even no relationship at all between sex and mental decline.Those results could be improper because the studies involved older people，and women live longer than men：The men tested ale the survivors，“so they’re the ones that may not have shown such cognitive decline，”said study team leader Elizabeth of the University of Warwick in England.
People surveyed completed four tasks that tested sex-related cognitive skills：matching an object to its rotated form，matching lines shown from the same angle，typing as many words in a particular category(范畴)as possible in the given time，e.g.“object usually colored gray”，and recalling the location of objects in a line drawing.The first two were tasks at which men usually excel;the latter were typically dominated by women.
Within each age group studied，men and women performed better in their separate categories on average.And though performance declined with age for both genders，women showed obviously less decline than men overall.
46.The underlined word in the second paragraph means__________.
47.According to the passage，which of the following can NOT be typed into the same category?
48.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article?
A.Men do better than women when it comes to learning English.
B.Women stand out at remembering people’S names.
C.Men excel at typing as many words in a particular category as possible in the given time.
D.Women excel at dealing mathematic problems.
49.One important factor that affects the correctness of the resuhs is that__________.
A.the old men tested may not have shown such cognitive decline
B.people surveyed ale all old
C.people taking part in this tesl came from all over the world
D.women live longer than men
50.The author aims to tell US that__________.
A.women’S minds perform better than men’s
B.men’s minds decline more with age
C.everyone becomes a little more forgetful as they get older
D.a survey on human’s mind decline was done recently
Directions: In this part, you are to write a composition with Less pressure, Better life as its title. Your composition should have a length of 120 words or so.
Q1: What is the unit titile?text title/subtitle?
Q2: What do you know from the titles?
Q3: What informatin will you read in the text?
Q4: What information do you hope to learn from the text?
Step 1: Ss read through the text quickly to check their prediction.
Step 2: Ss read the text for the detailed information about the dream and the plan of Wang Kun and Wang Wei.
Ss read the text and underline the detailed informaiton on the following questions individually:
Q1: What was their dream?
Q2: What does “the plan” mean? What was the plan?
Q3:What did they know about the Mekong?
Ss exhange their findings with their partners. Teacher helps to deal with Ss’ reading problems if any.
Ss share their answers to the questions in class.
Two years ago:? Last year: ?
After graduating from their college:?
Several months before their trip: ?
Ss concluded that careful plans or preparations are needed to realize one’s dreams.
Ss retell the dream and their preparations for the bike trip with the support of the time expressions and pictures.
Ss share the information of the Mekong and introduce it with help of the map and words of landforms.
核心环节 3: Post-reading
Ss discuss in groups on the following topic: Character analysis and give a report.
Q1: Who is the deciding person of this trip? Why do you think so?
Q2: What are Wang Wei’s and Wang Kun’s personalities? Support your ideas with evidence from the text.
Q3: What should people of different personalities do in order to achieve their common dream?